The number “0” is a well-known symbol, yet its origins are unknown. Carbon dating results from a recent batch are prompting the history of mathematics to be rewritten, since zeros dating back 500 years before previously observed have been unearthed.
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The Inventor Of Zero
Aryabhata Invented Zero.
Aryabhata, one of the world’s greatest mathematicians and astronomers, was born in Patliputra, Magadha, which is now known as Patna in Bihar. He wrote the “Aryabhatta-Siddhanta,” a notable treatise.
History Of Zero In India
The figures exist in an ancient Indian literature known as the Bakhshali manuscript, which is made up of 70 birch bark leaves filled with mathematics and the Sanskrit language. “It appears to be a Buddhist monks’ training manual,” says Marcus du Sautoy of the University of Oxford.
The text was discovered in 1881 by a local farmer and named after the village it was located in, which is now Pakistan.
The document has now been carbon dated for the first time, which has quickly shattered certain long-held assumptions. The book was originally assumed to be from the ninth century, but dating tests indicated that the oldest pages were from between 224 and 383 AD.
This indicates the text predates an inscription of zero on the wall of a temple in Gwalior, India, from the 9th century, which was previously thought to be the oldest recorded example of a zero.
Hundreds of zeros are signified by dots throughout the text. This dot would subsequently evolve into the hole-in-the-middle sign that we recognize today. The dot was originally used as a placeholder, similar to how the number 505 uses “0” to indicate that there are no tens, but it was not yet a number in its own right.
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