Every year on June 5th, more than a hundred countries commemorate World Environment Day to raise awareness and encourage people to take action to help the environment. The United Nations first proposed the notion in 1972 at the Conference on Human Environment, and it was first honoured in 1974.
Every year, a different country hosts WED and selects one pressing environmental issue as the focus of all initiatives. Last year, India hosted World Environment Day, and all efforts were directed towards combating plastic pollution.
Air pollution levels are fast increasing throughout the world, making it a problem that requires immediate attention and resolution. Poor air quality claims the lives of 6.5 million people each year. The open burning of rubbish and the piling of waste in landfills, which release many dangerous pollutants into the atmosphere, are major contributors to air pollution.
The situation is worsened in large cities, where open rubbish burning accounts for about 30% of air pollution. This situation is especially important for India, as 14 of the top 15 most polluted cities are located here.
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When was the first World Environment Day Celebrated?
The WED took place in 1974 in the American city of Spokane.
World Environment Day’s History
On the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment in 1972, the United Nations General Assembly declared World Environment Day. The first World Environment Day (WED) was observed two years later, in 1974, with the theme “Only One Earth. Despite the fact that the annual Environment Day celebrations have been held since 1974, the idea of rotating the centre of these activities by selecting various host countries emerged in 1987.