An algorithm is a finite sequence of well-defined instructions used to solve a class of problems or conduct a calculation in mathematics and computer science. Algorithms are used to specify how computations and data processing should be done. Artificial intelligence algorithms may execute automated deductions (automated reasoning) and employ mathematical and logical tests to reroute the code through multiple rounds (automatic decision making).
Using human characteristics as descriptors of machines and metaphorical ways was already practiced by Alan Turing with terms such as memory, search and stimulus.
A heuristic, on the other hand, is a problem-solving strategy that isn’t completely stated and doesn’t guarantee accurate or optimum solutions, particularly in issue domains where there isn’t a well-defined correct or ideal conclusion.
As an effective method, an algorithm can be expressed within a finite amount of space and time and in a well defined formal language for calculating a function.
The instructions describe a computation that begins with an initial state and initial input, which may be empty, and goes through a limited number of well-defined succeeding stages, finally producing output and terminating at a final ending state when completed. The shift from one stage to the next isn’t always predictable. Random input is used in some algorithms known as randomised algorithms.
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Who Invented Algorithm
Algorithms have a lengthy history, with the term first appearing in the 9th century. Abdullah Muhammad bin Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Persian scholar, astronomer, and mathematician who is commonly referred to as “The Father of Algebra,” was indirectly responsible for the invention of the name “Algorithm” around this period.
Do you Know Everyone creates algorithms all the time!
Consider the following scenario: When you clean your teeth, you are using a self-created algorithm. Do you dampen your toothbrush before applying toothpaste? Do you use a lot of toothpaste? When you pick up the brush, which hand do you use? What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you think about your mouth? How long do you clean your teeth? What’s the best way to rinse? How much water do you consume on a daily basis? What’s the temperature of the water you’re using? After that, how do you clean your brush? What do you do with it?
All of the answers to these questions are provided by the teeth brushing algorithm you created. Simply tie your shoelaces as another basic example, and you will be following your own algorithm to do so. Surprised? Wait a bit, because the following portion of my response will wow you even more: Animals, too, construct algorithms!
Look at your dog’s algorithm for eating, for asking you to go on a walk, and even for going to sleep in his bed if you have one. Have you seen how he circles the room numerous times before falling asleep?
That is, after all, part of his sleeping algorithm. But it gets better: insects construct algorithms as well! Simply observe how bees construct their hives, how they fly in formation, and when they begin their operations. All of these variables are determined by the algorithms that govern them. If you want to create a bee hive, your first query is likely to be: and how do I do that?
That question, on the other hand, is about the hive-building algorithm. Needless to mention, the algorithm used by spiders to construct their webs.
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