Dr. BR Ambedkar Biography: Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born in Mo, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, now known as Dr. Ambedkar Nagar. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar belonged to a Dalit family. That is why their caste was considered as untouchable caste. His childhood was full of hardships. At that time, the upper caste people insulted, socially excluded and discriminated against all the lower castes, including Babasaheb Ambedkar.
|birth||14 April 1891|
|birth place||In Mow Nagar, Indore, Madhya Pradesh|
|Name at birth||Biva, Bhima, Bhimarao|
|Other names||Babasaheb Ambedkar|
|Educational qualification||• University of Mumbai (B.A.)|
• Columbia University
(MA, Ph.D., LLD)
London School of Economics
Grace Inn (Barrister-at-Law)
|profession||Lawyer, Economist, Politician,|
Educator Philosopher, Writer Journalist, Sociologist, Anthropologist, Educator,
Theologian, Historian Professor, Teacher
|Commercial||Lawyer, professor and politician|
(Married 1906- Died 1935)
Dr. Savita Ambedkar
(Married 1948- Died 2003)
|Political party||Federation of Scheduled Castes|
Independent Labor Party
Republican Party of India
|Other political affiliations||Social Structure:|
• Excluded philanthropic association
• Samatha Sainik site
• Depressed Classes Education Society
• Bombay Scheduled Castes Development Trust
• People’s Education Society
Buddhist Council of India
|Awards / Honours||• Bodhisattva (1956)|
• Bharat Ratna Ribbon Bharat Ratna (1990)
• First Columbians Ahead of Their Time (2004)
• The Greatest Indian (2012)
|Death||6 December 1956 (age 65)|
Dr. Ambedkar National Memorial, New Delhi, India
|burial ground||Saitya Bhumi, Mumbai, Maharashtra|
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s Family Introduction:
His father’s name was Shri Ramji Walt Maloji Chakpal and mother’s name was Bhimabhai. Her father Ramji Walt Maloji Chakpal served as a Major Subedar in the British Army and Mataji Bhimabhai was a religious woman. Ambedkar’s childhood name Ramji Chakpal was His father was a Kabirbandi person and was in military service, due to which discipline came into Dr. Bhimra’s life from childhood.
|Father’s Name||Ramji Maloji Chakpal|
|Mother’s name||Bhimabhai Chakpal|
|Sister Name||Manjula, Tulsi, Gangabai, Ramabai|
|Brother’s Name||Balram, Ananda Rao|
|wife name||First wife name – Ramabai Ambedkar, second wife – Dr. Savita Ambedkar|
|Son’s Name||Rajratna Ambedkar and Yashwant Ambedkar|
Belonging to the Mahar community, considered untouchable, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar came face to face with the harsh reality of casteism in his childhood. Dr. Bhimra’s childish mind was greatly affected by this. Caste discrimination in the early days of his life had a deep impact on his life due to which he vowed to fight against this discrimination throughout his life.
Be a child with sharp intellect from childhood Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar He did his primary education at Government High School, Satara. after that 1897 He completed his secondary education from Government School, Elphinstone Road, Mumbai. During his school days, he had to face caste discrimination for the first time when he was not allowed to sit together in class and upper caste students were not allowed to drink water from pots. Bad experiences of casteism in his childhood instilled in boy Bhim a desire to fight casteism and he decided to fight against casteism in his life.
year 1907 Passed matriculation. After this, he completed his BA degree in 1912 from Elphinstone College, affiliated to Bombay University. Thereafter he was awarded a scholarship for higher education by the Gaikwad rulers of Baroda. With the help of this scholarship, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar went to the United States for higher education, where he obtained a master’s degree in economics from Columbia University. After this, he went to the London School of Economics to study law. His scholarship ended in the third year where he took admission. After that he returned to India and started working with the Gaekwad rulers. Caste fanaticism did not stop Dr. Bhimra’s pursuit even while working. Thus he decided to quit his job and fight against casteism.
In 1936, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar founded the Freedom Workers Party. In the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly, his party won 15 seats. Ambedkar led his own political party, the All India Scheduled Castes Federation, although his party fared badly in the 1946 elections to the Constituent Assembly of India.
Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar opposed Congress and Mahatma Gandhi’s decision to call the untouchable community Harijans. He said that the people belonging to the untouchable community are like other communities. Ambedkar was appointed to the post of Minister of Labor in the Council of Defense and the Viceroy’s Executive Committee.
His fame as a scholar made him the first Law Minister of independent India. A committee was formed to draft a constitution for independent India and Dr. Bhimrao was appointed as its chairman.
In 1926, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar became a member of the Bombay Legislative Council. Ambedkar was appointed Principal of the Government Law College on October 13, 1935 due to his good and useful work. As principal, Dr. Saheb worked diligently and hard for two years. In 1936, Ambedkar founded the Free Labor Party.
His party contested the 1937 Central Legislative Assembly elections and won a total of 15 seats. From 1941 to 1945, Ambedkar wrote several books that were controversial.
One of the most important books published by him is ‘Thoughts on Pakistan’. It was very controversial at the time. In this book, Pakistan strongly opposed the creation of a separate state for Muslims. Apart from this, he opposed the demands of all the leaders who wanted to divide India.
When India became independent on 15 August 1947, Ambedkar became the first Law Minister of independent India despite his ill health. Undaunted by ill health, Dr. Babasaheb Ji gave our India a solid and prosperous constitution. The constitution he drafted came into effect on January 26, 1950. Bhimrao Ji was instrumental in establishing the Reserve Bank of India.
On 29 August 1947, Bhimrao Ambedkar was appointed as the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee to draft a new constitution for independent India. Ambedkar was an intelligent and visionary constitutionalist. Ambedkar ji studied the constitutions of around 60 countries to draft the Constitution of India. For this reason Baba Saheb Father of Indian Constitution Known by the nickname ”
Constitution framed by Ambedkar provided constitutional guarantees and protections to the citizens of India. This includes freedom of religion, abolition of untouchability, and elimination of all forms of discrimination. Ambedkar laid special emphasis on comprehensive economic and social rights for women in the Constitution. Along with this, he won the confidence of parliamentarians to introduce a system of reservation in employment in civil services, schools and colleges for Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC). . The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar framed the Constitution Section 370 was opposed but despite his opposition the clause was included in the constitution. After completing the work of writing the Constitution, Ambedkar said:
“I believe the Constitution is workable. The Indian constitution is flexible but at the same time strong enough to hold the country together in times of peace and war. He said that if anything ever goes wrong in the country, it is not because our constitution is bad, but because the person using it must be wrong.
Books by Dr. BR Ambedkar:
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar wrote many books due to his passion for writing. His books are as follows –
- National share of India
- Castes and their mechanization in India
- Small Farming in India and their solutions
- The original hero
- Decentralization of Imperial Finance in British India
- The Rupee Problem: Origins and Solution
- Rise of Provincial Finance in British India
- excluded India
- Caste division
- Union vs Independence
- Thoughts on Pakistan
- Shri Gandhi and Liberation of Untouchables
- Ranade Gandhi and Jinnah
- Who is Sutra and how?
- Buddha and Buddhism
- Maharashtra is a linguistic region
Awards / Honors received by Baba Saheb
Babasaheb Ambedkar achieved many honors in his life which are as follows –
- Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s memorial is at his residence in Delhi at 26 Alipore Road.
- Government of India has issued a public announcement on the occasion of Ambedkar Jayanti.
- In 1990, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award.
- Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad Dr. Ambedkar Open University, P.R. Many public institutions like Ambedkar Bihar University- Muzaffarpur are named after Babasaheb.
- Nagpur’s airport is known as Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport, earlier named as Sonegaon Airport.
- A large official portrait of Baba Saheb has been installed in the Indian Parliament complex.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar passed away
Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar had diabetes since 1948. Due to this disease, he became very ill until 1954. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar completed his last manuscript, Buddha and Dhamma, on 3 December 1956. Baba Saheb died on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi. Baba Saheb was cremated according to Buddhist tradition at Chowpatti Beach.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q.1 Where was Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar born?
Answer – Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born in Mo, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, now known as Dr. Ambedkar Nagar.
Q.2 How many titles did Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar have?
Answer – Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar had 32 degrees and also knew 9 languages. Complete information is given above in this post and you can get it from there.
Q.3 What was the surname of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar?
Answer – He is known by nicknames like Baba Saheb, Father of Modern India.