Friends, do you know what protein is? If not, then definitely read this article till the end. In this article, we will give you all the information related to protein.
Table of Contents
What is protein?
In scientific language, protein is a large biomolecule and macromolecule that consists of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Simply put, protein is an essential nutrient that is important for the growth and maintenance of the human body. Protein is the most abundant molecule present in the body other than water. It cannot be broken down by the body’s small intestine.
Protein is the structural component of all cells in the body, especially the muscles. Due to lack of protein, the growth of the body stops. That is why protein is considered very important for the development of the human body.
Who discovered protein?
Proteins were discovered in 1838 by Jons Jacob Berzelius and Rardus Johannes Mulder. After discovering the protein by these two scientists, a lot of analysis was also done on this element. After which the formula of protein, the function of protein, the structure of protein, the importance of protein, etc. were also discovered by different scientists.
Who named the protein?
After the discovery of protein, this element was named protein by Jöns Jacob Berzelius.
How much protein should be in our body?
A healthy human body should consume 0.75 grams of protein per kilogram of its weight every day. A man should consume at least 55 grams and women 45 grams of protein per day.
What happens when you eat protein?
Consuming protein gives energy to the body and strengthens immunity. Apart from this, protein also helps in making many types of enzymes, chemicals, and hormones in the body. Moreover, protein also helps in the chemical reactions taking place inside and outside the body cells.
How to overcome protein deficiency?
It is very easy to overcome a protein deficiency. Protein is found in many food items, so by including all those things in your daily diet, the deficiency of protein can be overcome. To overcome the deficiency of protein, eggs, cheese, butter, soybeans, lentils, chicken, fish, fruits, green vegetables, etc. should be consumed.
What diseases are caused by protein deficiency?
Protein is very important for our body. Protein gives energy to our body, due to lack of protein, many types of symptoms and diseases are seen in our body, such as –
- weakness of the body,
- feeling tired,
- children’s growth stops
- , muscle pain
- , swelling on the face
- Hair should be dry and lifeless, or
- immune system
- of the body,
- weakening of bones,
- problems related to nails, etc.
How many types of protein are there?
There are mainly three types of proteins, which are as follows-
- simple protein
- combined protein
- derived protein
What is the formula of protein?
The protein was discovered by Jons Jacob Berzelius and Rardus Johannes Mulder. After this, after researching on proteins, it was found that the formula of all proteins is the same. And that happens to be C400H620N100O120P1S1.
What are the main sources of protein?
Protein is considered the most important nutrient for the development of the human body. Protein is very important in building new cells in our body and controlling body functions.
That is why we should take adequate amount of protein in our daily diet. Protein is found in many foods such as-
Paneer, Soyabean, Almond, Milk, Butter, Groundnut, Moong Dal, Egg, Fish, Chicken, Mutton, Jackfruit, Raisin, Guava, Kiwi, Cherry, Green Vegetables, etc.
Benefits of protein
Protein is a very important nutrient for the growth and biological functions of our body. Protein helps to maintain our body better. Along with increasing the energy of the body, protein also helps in making immunity strong. Apart from this, protein also helps in the chemical reactions taking place inside and outside the cells of the body. Due to this important function of protein, the human body remains healthy and strong. Due to which the human body helps in fighting any kind of disease infection.
Disadvantage of Protein
The more beneficial protein is for the human body, the more it is harmful. Because it is said that taking anything in excess is harmful. In the same way, consuming excess amount of protein increases the risk of diseases related to heart, liver, kidney, stones, etc. That is why one should not consume more protein than required.