(Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj History and Biography Height, Death, Nagar, Date of Birth, Son, Jayanti, Books)
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj, known as the son of Shivaji, devoted his life to serving his country and the Hindu community, just like his father did.
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was skilled in dealing with political issues from a young age. He received education and training that prepared him for the challenges he faced. With hard work and perseverance, Sambhaji grew up to become a courageous leader known as Veer Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj.
- 1 Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj History
- 1.1 Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj Birth and Education
- 1.2 Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj Family
- 1.3 Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and Sambhaji Maharaj Relations
- 1.4 Sambhaji and kavi kalash
- 1.5 Compositions written by Sambhaji Maharaj
- 1.6 Sambhaji as a Ruler
- 1.7 Achievements of Sambhaji
- 1.8 Reconversion of old Hindu by Sambhaji
- 1.9 Death of Shivaji and problems Arose for Hindutva
- 1.10 Aurngjeb cruelty on Sambhaji
- 1.11 Sambhaji Maharaj Death
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj History
|Surname||chhawa and shambhu ji raje|
|birthday||14 May 1657|
|birth place||in the fort of Purandar|
|Sister||Shakubai, Ambikabai, Ranubai Jadhav, Deepa Bai, Kamlabai Palkar, Rajkunwarbai Shirke|
|friend and advisor||poet skill|
|Skill||Knowledgeable of Sanskrit, art lover and brave warrior|
|Warning||Battle of Wai in 1689|
|death||11 March 1689|
|cause of death||Aurangzeb’s torture|
|Controversy||Due to a dispute with father Shivaji in his family, he was put under house arrest and fled from there and joined the Mughals and adopted Islam, but returned again after seeing the atrocities of the Mughals.|
Victim of family politics.
|achievement||Never bowed before Aurangzeb, remained like a warrior till the last breath|
Successfully carried out the task of returning Hindus to their homes and returning their honor after they were forcibly converted to Islam.
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj Birth and Education
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was born on May 14, 1657, at Purandar Fort. His mother, Saibai, passed away when he was only 2 years old. Shivaji’s mother, Jijabai, raised him instead.
People also called him “Chava,” which means “cub” in Marathi, like a young lion. Sambhaji Maharaj knew Sanskrit and eight other languages.
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj Family
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was the son of Raja Veer Chhatrapati Shivaji. His mother was Saibai, who was the second wife of Shivaji. In Sambhaji’s family, he had a father, a mother, a grandfather, a grandmother, and siblings. Shivaji had three wives: Saibai, Soyra Bai, and Putlabai.
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj’s brother was Rajaram Chhatrapati, who was the son of Soyrabai. Sambhaji had several sisters named Shakubai, Ambikabai, Ranubai Jadhav, Deepa Bai, Kamlabai Palkar, and Rajkunwarbai Shirke. Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was married to Yesubai, and they had a son named Chhatrapati Sahu.
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was known for his bravery and quick thinking in difficult situations. He was also known for his impulsive behavior, which sometimes got him into trouble. Despite his flaws, Sambhaji remains an important figure in Indian history, especially in the Maratha Empire.
Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and Sambhaji Maharaj Relations
Sambhaji faced many hardships and tough situations during his childhood. His stepmother Soyrabai wanted her son Rajaram to become Shivaji’s successor instead of Sambhaji. This caused tensions between Sambhaji and Shivaji.
Even though Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj showed bravery on several occasions, Shivaji and his family didn’t trust him. Once, when Shivaji punished Sambhaji, he ran away and joined the Mughals. This was a very tough time for Shivaji. However, when Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj witnessed the Mughals’ cruel treatment of Hindus, he realized his mistake and returned to Shivaji to apologize for his actions.
Sambhaji and kavi kalash
When Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was a child, he ran away from Aurangzeb, the Mughal ruler who had captured him. He stayed with a distant relative of Raghunath Korde, who was a minister of Shivaji during his exile.
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj lived there for about one to one and a half years, and then he pretended to be a Brahmin child for a while. To do this, he had a special ceremony called Upanayana Sanskar in Mathura, and he learned Sanskrit.
During this time, he met a poet named Kalash who was able to handle Sambhaji’s strong and rebellious personality.
Compositions written by Sambhaji Maharaj
With Kalash’s help and guidance, Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj’s interest in literature grew rapidly. Sambhaji wrote Buddhacharitra in Sanskrit to honor his father Shivaji. He also wrote Shringarika using medieval Sanskrit.
Sambhaji as a Ruler
Shivaji made a promise in the Treaty of Purandar that his son would work for the Mughal army. So, when Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was just eight years old, he joined Aurangzeb’s army with his father to fight against the Bijapur government.
Later, Shivaji and Sambhaji went to Aurangzeb’s court where they were imprisoned, but they managed to escape.
In 1680, Sambhaji became the leader of the Maratha Empire. However, he did not trust his father’s advisors and appointed poet Kalash as his own advisor instead.
The Maratha officials did not like this decision and created an atmosphere against Sambhaji. As a result, Sambhaji did not achieve any significant accomplishments during his reign.
Achievements of Sambhaji
Sambhaji Maharaj did many great things for the Hindu society in his short life. He faced a huge army of 800,000 soldiers led by Aurangzeb and won many battles against the Mughals. This kept Aurangzeb busy in Maharashtra, which gave the Hindu rulers in North India enough time to recover their kingdoms and establish peace.
Sambhaji’s bravery prevented Aurangzeb from taking control of the states in North India, which would have caused problems for the people and the kings there. Sambhaji’s achievements are among the greatest in Hindu history.
Sambhaji kept the Mughals occupied in Maharashtra for many years. He faced opposition not only from external enemies but also from enemies within his own kingdom. Despite this, he was able to gain the support of many people due to his small successes on both fronts.
During those times, there were many battles between the Marathas and Mughals, and the land was soaked in the blood of the brave soldiers. The Marathas held their position on the mountains while the Mughals camped on the plains below.
The fighting went on for about seven years, and it became increasingly difficult for the Mughals to win the forts and defeat the Marathas. Some states in North India even thought that Aurangzeb would never return to Delhi and would ultimately be defeated in the war against the Hindus. Meanwhile, Sambhaji offered refuge to Aurangzeb’s son Akbar, who was saved by the Rajput kings in 1682.
Reconversion of old Hindu by Sambhaji
During the time of Shivaji Maharaj, the Mughals put pressure on people to convert from Hinduism to Islam. Shivaji Maharaj wanted to help those who were forced to convert, so he made a department to help them return to their original religion.
Sambhaji Maharaj, Shivaji’s son, took many steps to help people re-convert to Hinduism. He even helped a Brahmin named Kulkarni who was forced to convert but wanted to return to Hinduism.
Sambhaji organized a re-conversion ritual for Kulkarni and many others who had converted returned to their original religion because of Sambhaji’s efforts.
Sambhaji was a devotee of Lord Shiva and even in front of the Mughals, he followed the Hindu deity Lord Shiva till his last moment.
He was also known as Shambhuji, which is another name for Lord Shiva. When Sambhaji had to travel with Shivaji to Delhi, he made a difficult journey through Kashi Vishwanath, and during this journey, he started worshiping Lord Shiva even more.
Death of Shivaji and problems Arose for Hindutva
After Shivaji died in 1680, the Marathas had a hard time. Aurangzeb, the Mughal emperor, thought that Shivaji’s son Sambhaji wouldn’t be able to hold onto power for long, so he marched towards the Maratha state with a massive army of 5 million soldiers and 400,000 animals. Aurangzeb defeated the Adilshah of Bijapur and Qutubshahi of Golconda and put his commanders there.
Then he turned his attention to the Maratha state and faced Sambhaji’s army. The Mughals tried to capture the Ramsai fort, but they failed even after 5 months of trying. However, in 1687, the Maratha soldiers started to lose to the Mughals in the war of Wai.
The commander of the Marathas, Hambirao Mohite, was killed, and many soldiers deserted the army. Finally, in February 1689, the Mughals captured Sambhaji in Sanghameshwar.
Aurngjeb cruelty on Sambhaji
By 1689, things had changed. The Maratha ruler didn’t know that the Mughal army had arrived in Sangameshwar. Because of this, when Mukarrab Khan suddenly attacked, the Mughals were able to capture the poet Kalash and Sambhaji, putting them in jail. They were forced to convert to Islam and go against their beliefs.
The Mughals then took them to Aurangzeb’s camp in Akluj, where they were humiliated by the Mughal soldiers and citizens. They were tied to elephants and paraded through the streets, with people spitting on them and mocking them. Despite this, Sambhaji remained defiant and refused to give up his state or convert to Islam.
Aurangzeb was angry when he heard about Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj’s defiance and ordered both of them to be put in a dungeon. He also rewarded his soldiers for their victory and ordered Sambhaji to give up his state in exchange for his life.
Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj refused and was forced to wear a cap with bells and dragged to the market of Tulapur, where the Mughals continued to humiliate him. Despite the torture, Sambhaji and Kalash remained true to their beliefs and refused to convert to Islam.
Sambhaji Maharaj Death
Aurangzeb, a Mughal emperor, told Sambhaji that he would forgive him if he converted to Islam, but Sambhaji refused and expressed his loyalty to Hinduism and his love for his country. Aurangzeb got angry and ordered Sambhaji to be tortured.
Sambhaji remained brave and proud throughout the torture, chanting the name of Lord Shiva. Eventually, he was beheaded and his body was cut into pieces and fed to dogs.
However, Sambhaji’s sacrifice inspired his people and increased their respect for him and their anger towards the Mughals. Despite the Mughals’ efforts to humiliate him, Sambhaji remained loyal to his beliefs and his country until the end.